Cataract removal surgery is one of the most common procedures performed today. The majority of people in the world get some form of cataracts by the time they reach 60 years old. Cataracts comes in the form of a deterioration that naturally occurs on the lens of someone's eye. This deterioration produces a cloudiness in a person's vision. The cloudiness often happens so gradually that the sufferers do not even realize that they have the problem until their next eye examination. Fortunately, once someone does realize that they have cataracts, the procedure to get it fixed is quite simple as far as surgical procedures go.
The best procedure for cataracts removal is called phacoemulsification. This procedure starts with a small incision to the iris of the eye, or the colored part. After this incision is made, the surgeon will insert an ultrasonic probe to the lens area behind the pupil. This probe will then create sonic vibrations that will break apart the lens of the eye. The faulty, broken apart, cataract lens is then removed and replaced with a new intraocular lens. The intraocular lens is placed in the same capsular bag that the cataract lens sat in. As a result, the new lens should clarify the vision as it will not suffer from the cloudiness that deteriorated the persons original lens. This particular cataracts removal surgery generally is the easiest when it comes to recovery as well. The procedure requires the least amount of anesthesia, and rarely necessitates an eye patch after it has been completed.
The other two procedures used to remove cataract are extracapsular and intracapsular cataract surgery. Extracapsular surgery, as a means to remove cataract, is most often used when the lens is too dense to be broken up by the ultrasonic vibrations of the phacoemulsification method. As a result, the surgery requires a larger incision so that the surgeon can go into the area behind the iris and physically remove the entirety of the faulty lens. The lens is then, just as in the other procedure, replaced with an intraocular lens. Intracapsular cataract surgery is only different because it puts the new lens on top of the iris. This is generally only used for trauma victims that need to reconstruct the eye to a certain degree. These two procedures require more recovery time than the phacoemulsification due to the larger incisions that are required along with the increase in anesthesia.
For those who have cataracts, regaining their vision is worth nearly any procedure that they would have to endure. It is common for the cataracts to get worse in one eye than the other which requires the surgery to be performed on one eye at a time. Cataract removal surgery is one of the most common surgeries that one can have, which decreases the chance of any complication exponentially.